A rough diamond is a diamond that is unworked or simply sawn, cleaved or bruted and falls under the SH code 7102.10, 7102.21 and 7102.31 in the tariff classification.
Obligations and controls
To import a shipment of rough diamonds in the European Union (EU), the shipment must be transported in a tamper-resistant container accompanied by an unfalsifiable Kimberley Process certificate (KP certificate) issued by the exporting country and validated by the competent EU authority, a certificate that guarantees that the diamonds are not used to finance a conflict. If these conditions are met, the EU authority will provide a certificate of compliance to the importer; in the opposite case, the shipment will be retained.
To export a shipment of rough diamonds from the EU, it must be transported in a tamper-resistant container accompanied by an unfalsifiable KP certificate delivered by the competent community authority.
The Control office for exports, imports and transit of the Ministry of the Economy will then verify the proof of purchase (a copy of the invoice or the pro forma invoice) and the KP certificate to deliver the import or export authorization. The diamonds will remain in the possession of the competent Community authority until the import or export authorization has been obtained.
Outside of this procedure, the import and export of rough diamonds is prohibited.
Note: There are only six competent authorities in Europe that can deliver an unfalsifiable KP certificate. These are located in Antwerp, Prague, Idar-Oberstein, Lisbon, Bucharest and London.
The Diamond Office of Antwerp or Zollamt Idar-Oberstein are the authorities closest to Luxembourg that operators can call upon.
International shipments of rough diamonds must be accompanied by:
- a certificate issued by the Kimberly Process system
- an import or export authorization.
The following procedures are described on the Guichet.lu website:
- application for an export authorization for diamonds and other precious stones
- application for an import authorization for diamonds and other precious stones.
In Luxembourg, the Control office for exports, imports and transit of the Ministry of the Economy delivers import and export authorizations for rough diamonds.