Radioactive materials


Radioactivity is defined as the spontaneous emission of ionizing radiation by the atomic nucleus of an unstable atom during its decay. It consists in a very high-energy electromagnetic radiation, able to cause the electrons of the matter through which it passes to move, and thus cause deterioration of that matter. Strong doses of ionizing radiation can cause significant damage to skin and tissue.

Radioactive materials present a risk for human health and the environment in general.

Obligations and controls

Due to the risk that they represent, the circulation of radioactive materials is very strictly regulated.

Companies wishing to transport such materials to Luxembourg must first hold a general authorization for the transport of radioactive materials that they must request from the Radiation Protection Department of the Ministry of Health.

To transit radioactive materials through the European Union (EU), whether for exportation at a later time or following their importation for later shipment to their country of destination, a prior authorization for the transit of radioactive materials must be requested by the carrier or forwarder in addition to the general authorization for transport.

To circulate such materials within the EU (without origin or destination in a third country), the company holding the materials must make a declaration of shipment of sealed sources.

Companies authorized to hold radioactive materials that wish to import or export them must make a prior request for authorization. This request has no pre-established format.

Related documents

The international transport of radioactive materials requires the following documents:

Related procedures

Details on the following procedures are available on the website:

Related organizations

The necessary authorizations must be requested from the Radiation Protection Department of the Ministry of Health.

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